This is the result of a combination of mechanization, electrification, and automatic control. The object of processing is discrete artifacts. Early mechanical manufacturing automation was a stand-alone automation using mechanical or electrical components or a simple automated production line. Since the 1960s, due to the application of electronic computers, CNC machine tools, machining centers, robots, computer-aided design, computer-aided manufacturing, and automated warehouses have emerged. Developed a flexible manufacturing system (FMS) that can be adapted to many varieties and small batch production types. Automation workshops based on flexible manufacturing systems, coupled with information management, production management automation, and factory automation using computer integrated manufacturing systems (CIMS) have emerged.